Monday, February 29, 2016

1600s Woman Artist - Mary Beale 1632-1697



Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697) Self Portrait Holding a Painting of Her Sons c 1685


Mary Beale (1632-1697) was the first English woman to become a professional portraitist of the Baroque era. She was the daughter of John Cradock, a puritan rector from Suffolk, who was an amateur painter & member of the Painter Stainer’s company. Through her father she became acquainted with local artists, such as Matthew Snelling, Robert Walker, & Peter Lely. As an independent professional artist she had a prolific career.


Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697) Self Portrait

Her father also introduced her to her future husband, who was also an amateur painter & member of the Painter-Stainers' Company, a cloth merchant from London named Charles Beale. In 1652, at 18, she married Charles Beale & went to live with him in Covent Garden, London. The Beales had 2 sons who survived past childhood, Bartholomew & Charles. Her husband, Charles became deputy clerk of the patents office in about 1660, by which time Mary had begun to study portraiture. In 1664, the Beales moved away from London, to a farmhouse in Allbrook in Hampshire. Part of their reason for moving could have been to escpae the onset of the Great Plague in London which was to kill a fifth of the population of the town.


Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697) Self Portrait c 1675

Her husband left a career in the Patents Office to prepare her canvases, mix her paints, & keep the family business records. In 1670, the family, returned to London, where she set up a studio in Pall Mall. One diary note kept by her husband establishes that in 1 year alone she completed 83 commissioned works. One of Mary & Charles Beale's sons, also known as Charles Beale went on to a career as a painter. Mary Beale also taught art, & one of her students, Sarah Cuties eventually became a well-known painter. Beale worked in several media including oils, pastels & water colors. Her studies of children, especially her own, were particularly sensitive.



Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697) Portrait of the artist's husband Charles Beale in a Black Hat



Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697) The Artist's Husband Charles


Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697) Self Portrait of the Artist as a Shepherdess with her Son Charles (1660-1714) in Attendance



Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697)


Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697) The Artist with her Husband Charles & Son Bartholomew


Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697) Portrait of the Artist's Son Bartholomew Beale c 1665



Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697) Artist's Son Bartholomew Beale




Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697) Bartholomew Beale Profile



Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697) Bartholomew Beale, Facing Left



Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697) Charles Beale Jr



Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697) Portrait of a Young Woman



Attributed to Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697) Portrait of Nell Gwyl



Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697) Louise de Kérouaille Duchess of Portsmouth, 1670s A French aristocrat who became a spy for Louis XIV & mistress to Charles II.



Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697) King Charles II (1630 - 1685) c 1675c



Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697) Barbara Villiers, Duchess of Cleveland



Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697) Actress Moll Davis



Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697) Lady Elizabeth Cavendish (c 1627–1663), Countess of Bridgewater or Lady Elizabeth Cranfield, (1648–1670) Viscountess Brackley c 1670



Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697) 1675 Lady Mary Hay, née Maitland (1645–1702), Marchioness of Tweedale



Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697) Lady Leake (1657-1709)



Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697) Unknown Young Boy



Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697) Portrait of a Baby



Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697) Richard Gulston



Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697) Portrait of a Young Girl c 1681



Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697) Sir Basil Dixwell



Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697) Portrait of a Young Girl



Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697) Unknown Young Boy



Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697) Young Bacchus


Saturday, February 27, 2016

1600s - 1700s Woman Artist - Italian artist Rosalba Carriera 1675-1757

Rosalba Carriera (Venitian artist, 1675-1757) Felicita Sartori in Turkish Costume 1740

Rosalba Carriera (Italian artist, 1675-1757) Self Portrait

Rosalba Carriera (Italian Rococo artist, 1675-1757) was born in Venice. Her family was lower-middle-class in Venice; and as a child, she began her artistic career by making lace-patterns for her mother. As snuff-taking became popular, Carriera began painting miniatures for the lids of snuff-boxes, and was the first painter to use ivory for this purpose. Gradually, this work evolved into full-scale portrait-painting, for which she pioneered the exclusive use of pastel. She pioneered the new genre of portraits done in pastel, a medium appealing to Rococo styles for its soft edges & flattering surfaces. Her skills as a portrait artist were so highly respected; that it became a standard practice to call other women artists an English Carriera, a Dutch Carriera, a German Carriera, etc. Her portraits of noble or wealthy Europeans made her famous all over the continent. She was elected to the Academie Royale in 1720.
Rosalba Carriera (Italian artist, 1675-1757) Self Portrait 1709

Rosalba Carriera (Italian artist, 1675-1757) Self Portrait

Rosalba Carriera (Italian artist, 1675-1757) Self Portrait as Winter 1731

Rosalba Carriera (Italian artist, 1675-1757) Self Portrait c 1740

Rosalba Carriera (Italian artist, 1675-1757) Portrait de Caterina Sagredo Barbarigo 


Rosalba Carriera (Italian artist, 1675-1757) Allegory of Music 1714


Rosalba Carriera (Italian artist, 1675-1757) Enrichetta Anna Sofia of Modena

Rosalba Carriera (Italian artist, 1675-1757) Lady


Rosalba Carriera (Italian artist, 1675-1757)

Thursday, February 25, 2016

Woman Artist - Self-Portraits - Artemisia Gentileschi (1593–1653)

Artemisia Gentileschi (1593–1653) 1615 Self-portrait as a Female Martyr

Artist Artemisia Gentileschi (1593–1653)was the oldest child in her family, Artemisia was introduced to painting in her father's workshop, showing much more talent than her brothers, who worked alongside her. Trained by her father, Orazio — a follower of Caravaggio — in his studio in Rome, she employed a forceful style throughout a brilliant career in Italy and England.

Artemisia Gentileschi (1593–1653) Self-Portrait Playing a Lute c. 1616

After being raped by a teacher in 1611, Gentileschi won a celebrated trial against the rapist. Because Artemisia returned again & again to violent subject matter such as Judith and Holofernes, a repressed-vengeance theory has emerged about her choice of subject matter. She obviously had good reason to want to see justice brought to evil men. However, some art historians suggest that she was shrewdly playing on her fame from the rape trial to cater to a niche market in sexually-charged, female-dominant art for intrigued male patrons.

Artemisia Gentileschi (1593–1653) Self-Portrait as Allegory of Painting c 1630

Tuesday, February 23, 2016

1600s Women Artists


Judith Leyster (Dutch Golden Age painter, 1609-1660) Self-Portrait 1635



Wallerant Vaillant (Dutch painter, 1623-1677) Portrait of Painter Maria van Oosterwijck (Dutch Golden Age painter, 1630-93) 1671



Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697) Self Portrait Holding a Painting of Her Sons c 1685



Elisabetta Sirani (Italian Baroque painter, 1638-1665) Allegoria della pittura



Elisabetta Sirani (Italian Baroque painter, 1638-1665) Self-Portrait 1658



Elisabetta Sirani (Italian Baroque painter, 1638-1665) Self-Portrait 1660



Elisabeth-Sophie Chéron (French painter, 1648-1711) Self Portrait



Unknown artist, Maria Sibylla Merian (German artist, 1647–1717)



Giovanna Fratellini (Italian painter, 1666-1731) Self Portrait



Rosalba Carriera (Italian artist, 1675-1757) Self portrait with a portrait of her sister 1709



Rosalba Carriera (Italian artist, 1675-1757) Allégorie de la peinture



Anna Waser (Swiss painter, 1678-1714) at 13 in 1691



Giulia Larna (Italian artist, 1685-1753) Self Portrait