Saturday, December 31, 2016

Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will toward men.

Melozzo da Forli (Italian Renaissance artist, 1438-1494) Angel from the Vault of the Sacristy of Saint Mark  January 29, 2011. "Without Melozzo, the work of Raphael and Michelangelo would have never existed.” This statement by Antonio Paolucci, director of the Vatican Museums, sums up the impact this renaissance painter had on some of the greatest Italian painters.

Celebrating

Sir Thomas Samwell and Friends by Philippe Mercier (c. 1733)

“Seeing in the New Year” 1836

“Seeing in the New Year” from The book of Christmas illustrated by Robert Seymour 1836

In both the Gregorian calendar, currently used in the United States, & the Julian calendar, which was used until 1752 in the British colonies, the last day of the year is December 31. 

In Europe, the mid-winter period was traditionally associated with feasting & parties. New Year’s Eve festivities can be traced back to celebrations in Europe that date back before Christianity spread.  When many inhabitants in Europe were converted to Christianity, these festivals were merged with Christian beliefs & in time came to mark holidays such as the New Year’s Eve & New Year celebrations.

In the early years of the American colonies & within the new republic of the United States, this type of celebration was often frowned upon, particularly by religious communities. Around the start of the 1900s, New Year's Eve celebrations in America started to appear. The first Ball drop in Times Square was held in 1907. Around the same time, special events, such as fireworks, to welcome the New Year in the United States started to be organized for December 31st.

Morning Madonna

Unknown Master, Flemish (late 15th century in Brussels) Virgin and Child crowned by 2 Angels

In this blog, I try to begin each day with a painting of the Madonna & Child. It centers me; connects me to the past; & encourages me to post some of the religious paintings which were a large part of the core of early Western art.  In the 4C, as the Christian population was rapidly growing & was now supported by the state, Christian art evolved & became grander to suit new, enlarged public spaces & the changing contemporary tastes of elite private clients.

Friday, December 30, 2016

Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will toward men.

Melozzo da Forli (Italian Renaissance artist, 1438-1494) Angel from the Vault of the Sacristy of Saint Mark  January 29, 2011. "Without Melozzo, the work of Raphael and Michelangelo would have never existed.” This statement by Antonio Paolucci, director of the Vatican Museums, sums up the impact this renaissance painter had on some of the greatest Italian painters.

The Christmas Season for Dogs

Carl Reichert (Austrian painter, 1836-1918) A Christmas Treat 1800s

Morning Madonna

Unknown Master, Flemish (active around 1500 in Bruges)

In this blog, I try to begin each day with a painting of the Madonna & Child. It centers me; connects me to the past; & encourages me to post some of the religious paintings which were a large part of the core of early Western art.  In the 4C, as the Christian population was rapidly growing & was now supported by the state, Christian art evolved & became grander to suit new, enlarged public spaces & the changing contemporary tastes of elite private clients.

Thursday, December 29, 2016

Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will toward men.

Melozzo da Forli (Italian Renaissance artist, 1438-1494) Angel from the Vault of the Sacristy of Saint Mark  January 29, 2011. "Without Melozzo, the work of Raphael and Michelangelo would have never existed.” This statement by Antonio Paolucci, director of the Vatican Museums, sums up the impact this renaissance painter had on some of the greatest Italian painters.

Proper Celebrating...nothing that leads to fornication

1736 A Ball by Johann Franz H√∂rmannsperger (Austrian, 1710-) The musician’s hats are levitating!

Dancing, wrote Philip Stubbs or Stubbes (c 1555 – 1610) in 1583, is altogether a “horrible vice.” In his work The Anatomie of Abuses, Stubbes decryed, “what clipping, what culling, what kissing and bussing, what smouching and slabbering of one another: what filthy groping and unclean handling is not practised everywhere in these dancings.” For dancing “provoketh lust, and the fires of lust, [which] once conceived...burst forth into the open action of whoredom and fornication.” 

In The Anatomie of Abuses, Philip Stubbs – a pamphleteer – rails against aspects of popular culture that he believes are immoral and in need of immediate reform if his fellow countrymen and women are to escape punishment from God. The subjects that come under his criticism include some expected transgressions – visiting prostitutes, lending money at interest, drinking and gluttony – plus others which are surprising – the wearing of fancy clothing, showy hats, the theater, sports, and dancing! His work summarizes "Notable Vices and Imperfections, as now raigne in many Countreyes of the World: but (especiallye) in a famous ILANDE called AILGNA," (Ailgna is another name for England.) Stubbes has been described as a Puritan (or at least exceedingly puritanical); but records indicate, that he supported the established Church. 


Restrained Couples dancing with propriety in the Dance House of Augsburg, 1500

See The British Library

Morning Madonna

Unknown Master, German (active in 1420s in the Lower Rhineland). The Holy Family with Angels

In this blog, I try to begin each day with a painting of the Madonna & Child. It centers me; connects me to the past; & encourages me to post some of the religious paintings which were a large part of the core of early Western art.  In the 4C, as the Christian population was rapidly growing & was now supported by the state, Christian art evolved & became grander to suit new, enlarged public spaces & the changing contemporary tastes of elite private clients.

Wednesday, December 28, 2016

Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will toward men.

Melozzo da Forli (Italian Renaissance artist, 1438-1494) Angel  January 29, 2011. “Without Melozzo, the work of Raphael and Michelangelo would have never existed.” This statement by Antonio Paolucci, director of the Vatican Museums, sums up the impact this renaissance painter had on some of the greatest Italian painters.

Paintings of The Adoration of the Shepherds

1374 Adoration of the Shepherds  by Bartolo di Fredi 1330-1409 Metropolitan Museum of Art, Cloisters Collection 25.120.288


 1383 Bartolo di Fredi, Nativity and adoration of the shepherds

There were shepherds in the same country staying in the field, and keeping watch by night over their flock. Behold, an angel of the Lord stood by them, and the glory of the Lord shone around them, and they were terrified. The angel said to them, "Don't be afraid, for behold, I bring you good news of great joy which will be to all the people. For there is born to you, this day, in the city of David, a Savior, who is Christ the Lord. This is the sign to you: you will find a baby wrapped in strips of cloth, lying in a manger." Suddenly, there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly army praising God, and saying,


 1449 Domenico Ghirlandaio (Italian artist, 1449–1494) Adoration of the Shepherds
"Glory to God in the highest, 
on earth peace, good will toward men." 
It happened, when the angels went away from them into the sky, that the shepherds said one to another, "Let's go to Bethlehem, now, and see this thing that has happened, which the Lord has made known to us." They came with haste, and found both Mary and Joseph, and the baby was lying in a manger. When they saw it, they publicized widely the saying which was spoken to them about this child. All who heard it wondered at the things which were spoken to them by the shepherds. But Mary kept all these sayings, pondering them in her heart. The shepherds returned, glorifying and praising God for all the things that they had heard and seen, just as it was told them.  Luke 2:8-20


1451 Andrea Mantegna Adoration of the Shepherds 


1510 Giorgione (Giorgio Barbarelli from Castelfranco 1477-1510) The Adoration of the Shepherds


 1508 Pieter Aertsen (Dutch Northern Renaissance Painter, c 1508-1575) The Adoration of the Shepherds


Adoration of the Child Jesus c 1515, attributed to a follower Jan Joest.


 1522 Correggio (Antonio Allegri) (Italian painter, c 1489-1534) Adoration of the Christ Child by the Shepherds on the Holy Night


 1545 Jacopo Bassano (Italian painter, 1510-1592) Adoration of the Shepherds


 1555 Jacob de Backer (Belgian artist, 1555–1585) Adoration of the Shepherds


Francesco Bassano the Younger (1563-1570) Adoration of Shepherds


Francesco Bassano the Younger (1563-1570) Adoration of Shepherds


1585 Jacopo Bassano (Italian painter, 1510-1592) Adoration of the Shepherds Detail


1590 Gerrit van Honthorst (Dutch painter, 1590–1656) Adoration of the Shepherds


1590 Gerrit van Honthorst (Dutch painter, 1590–1656) Adoration of the Shepherds


1593 Georges de La Tour (French artist, 1593–1652) Adoration of the Shepherds


1593 Jacob Jordaens (Flemish artist, 1593-1678) Adoration of the Shepherds


 1599 By one of the Le Nain brothers, (French artists, Antoine Le Nain (c.1599-1648), Louis Le Nain (c.1593-1648), and Mathieu Le Nain (1607–1677) Adoration of the Shepherds


1599 By one of the Le Nain brothers, (French artists, Antoine Le Nain (c.1599-1648), Louis Le Nain (c.1593-1648), and Mathieu Le Nain (1607–1677).  Adoration of the Shepherds


1599 Cigoli, Ludovico Cardi (1559-1613) - 1599 The Adoration of the Shepherds with St. Catherine of Alexandria

 Angnolo Bronzino, Agnolo di Cosimo, (Italian Mannerist artist, 1503-1572) Adoration of the Shepherds

El Greco (Greek painter, 1541-1614) The Adoration of the Shepherds 1614


Fra Filippo Lippi (Italian Renaissance painter, c 1406–1469) also called Lippo Lippi, Adoration of the Shepherds


Giorgio Vasari (Italian artist, 1511–1574) Adoration of the Shepherds


Lorenzo di Credi (Italian artist, c 1459-1537) Adoration by the Shepherds


 Lorenzo Lotto (1480-1556) Adoration of the Shepherds


Paolo Veronese (Paolo Caliari) ((Italian, 1528-1588) Adoration of the Shepherds


Paolo Veronese (Paolo Caliari) ((Italian, 1528-1588) Adoration of the Shepherds


Tintoretto, Jacopo Robusti (Italian, 1518-1594), Adoration of the Shepherds


Unknown Master, German (active 1470-80) Adoration of the Shepherds

Illuminated Manuscripts - Adoration of the Shepherds

 Adoration of the Shepherds at History of Christianity in Ukraine, by unknown author. Armenian 

 Adoration of the Shepherds British Library manuscript


 Adoration of the Shepherds, Bodleian MS. Arch. Selden B. 26, fol. 8r.


 Adoration of the Shepherds, folio 96r, Libro de Horas de Juana I de Castilla


 Adoration of the Shepherds


The Adoration of the Shepherds, Master of the Prayer Books 1510-20

Illuminated Manuscripts - Telling the Shepherds of Jesus' Birth

 Illuminated Manuscript Annunciation to the Shepherds Unknown; c 1475-1480

One of my favorite Christmas stories is the annunciation to the lowly shepherds of the birth of the baby Christ child.  Whom did the angels tell first?  The community's outcasts, including some women working with the wool, who lived in the countryside year-round with dogs & sheep.  And Mary welcomed them to visit her new baby.  Only later did the important nobles arrive. The common man came first, and these lovely little illustrations imagine the stunned herders hearing the news.

Illuminated Manuscript Annunciation To The Shepherds By Meister Der Reich. Shepherds South Cross, County Tipperary, Ireland. 8C

Illuminated Manuscript Annunciation to the Shepherds who are making music while the dog howls and the woman works with the wool.  Sheep and their tenders are in an enclosure.


Illuminated Manuscript Annunciation to the Shepherds who include a woman and a man getting dressed.

 Illuminated Manuscript Annunciation to the Shepherds Bean MS1 - Folio 45l Shepherds here include a woman.


 Illuminated Manuscript Annunciation to the Shepherds Bean MS2 - Folio 75l Shepherds with their dogs and pipes.


Illuminated Manuscript Annunciation to the Shepherds comes from a 15th-century Flemish Book of Hours in the collection of Glencairn Museum (07.MS.639).  Shepherds & their dog looking up at the angels.


Illuminated Manuscript Annunciation to the Shepherds Folio 52r from Les Belles Heures du Duc de Berry. The shepherds were sleeping in the field when angels appeared and told them of the birth of Jesus.Van Limburg brothers 1375 – 1416  The dog in this image is resting.


Illuminated Manuscript Annunciation to the Shepherds from a French Book of Hours (c.1425-50)  The woman works with the wool while the dog looks up at the angels.


Illuminated Manuscript Annunciation to the Shepherds from Prayers (England, S. E. (St Albans), c1240) shelfmark Arundel 157 f.3v.


 Illuminated Manuscript Annunciation to the Shepherds London BL - Royal 2 B VII fol-112


Illuminated Manuscript Annunciation to the Shepherds These shepherds are warming themselves by a fire while their dog rests.


Illuminated Manuscript Annunciation to the Shepherds Simon Marmion (circa 1425–1489) Shepherds complete with dog and pipes.


Illuminated Manuscript Annunciation to the Shepherds, book of hours (Bibliotheque Sainte-Genevive in Paris.  This image shows another female tending the sheep.


Illuminated Manuscript Annunciation to the Shepherds  Here a woman, two dogs, and three shepherds are visited by angels.


  Illuminated Manuscript Annunciation to the Shepherds


Illuminated Manuscript Annunciation to the Shepherds  Another dog and shepherds playing pipes rest while sheep are in an enclosure.


 Illuminated Manuscript Annunciation to the Shepherds 15C Book of Hours.


 Illuminated Manuscript Annunciation to the Shepherds Gavin Hill MS 1 - Folio 57v-l  Here the shepherd's dog seems to be intrigued by the angel.

Illuminated Manuscript  Annunciation to the Shepherds Book of Hours of Henry VIII  Here the gentlemen play their pipes, while the astounded woman gazes upward.


 Illuminated Manuscript Annunciation to the Shepherds MS6, Syracuse University Library


 Illuminated Manuscript Annunciation to the Shepherds Royal 1 D X f.1v 


 Illuminated Manuscript Annunciation to the Shepherds